Radical media, politics and culture.


"The Birth of Fascism"

Terry Eagleton, New Statesman, May 3, 2004

Reviewing Robert O Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism

Allen Lane, the Penguin Press, 336pp, £20
ISBN 0713997206

Nobody knows on which day of the week the Renaissance started, or in what month the Dark Ages came to a halt. The origins of fascism, however, are surprisingly well documented. As Robert Paxton informs us in this lucid, engagingly readable study, the movement began on Sunday morning, 23 March 1919, at a meeting called by Benito Mussolini's supporters in Milan "to declare war against socialism". That, at least, was when fascism acquired its name.

On Joe Hill

Loren Goldner, Break Their Haughty Power

Reviewing Franklin Rosemont's Joe Hill: The IWW and the Making of a Revolutionary Workingclass Counterculture. Chicago, Charles H. Kerr, 2003.   

Franklin Rosemont’s Joe Hill is in many ways a beautiful book. In these days of war without end in the Middle East,  and Kerry vs. Bush,  and visible “politics” in the U.S. seemingly reduced to a right-wing party and a far-right party,  the book gives me a high that makes me wants to run out the door and organize. I feel like a curmudgeon criticizing it in any serious way. The book is above all important for a new generation of activists trying to situate itself in the rubble bequeathed by the 20th century bureaucratic-statist “left” (Social Democratic, Stalinist, Third Worldist, Trotskyist) and the latter’s wooden ideologies.

"Mumken on Postmodern Anarchism"

Stefan Paulus

Reviewing Jürgen Mümken's Freedom, Individuality and
Subjectivity — State and Subject in the Postmodern
Anarchist Perspective,

2003, S. Edition AV, Frankfurt, ISBN 3-936049-12-2,
Bestellfon/fax: 069-51 35,79; mail: editionav@gmx.net

Jürgen Mümken investigates such questions in this book
as those of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari: "why do
people fight for their servitude, as well as for
their well-being? Why do they want for centuries to
live in exploitation, abasement, slavery, and to be
sure in a certain manner, that it is such not only for
the other, but rather also for themselves?"

sasha writes

Post-Anarchism or Simply Post-Revolution?

  from Anarchy Magazine
by sasha k

Saul Newman, “From Bakunin to Lacan: Anti-Authoritarianism and the Dislocation of Power” (Lexington Books, 2001, $70.00).

In “From Bakunin to Lacan,” Saul Newman claims to want to reinvent anarchism (130); in fact, he claims not only to reinvent anarchism but to surpass it in creating postanarchism. He does so, because he alleges that anarchism has a hidden authoritarianism at its foundation, the authoritarianism of an essentialized human nature. However, this is not a nuanced study of anarchist theory (either of the anarchism of Kropotkin and Bakunin, of other older anarchists, or of contemporary anarchism). Newman’s postanarchism is built upon an untenable and reductionist critique of anarchism.

"Fighting Words: Sartre and Camus"

"Scott McLemee, Bookforum


Sartre and Camus: A Historic Confrontation, Edited and translated by David A. Spritzen and Adrian Van Den Hoven. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books. 299 pages. $45.

Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel That Ended It, by Ronald Aronson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 302 pages. $33.

Sartre on Violence: Curiously Ambivalent, by Ronald E. Santoni. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. 179 pages. $35.

Sartre: The Philosopher of the Twentieth Century by Bernhard-Henri Lévy, translated by Andrew Brown. Cambridge: Polity Press. 536 pages. $30.

In May 1952, after a prolonged spell of what can only be called thoughtful procrastination, Jean-Paul Sartre's journal Les Temps modernes published a review of Albert Camus's L'Homme révolté, known in English as The Rebel. The book had appeared the year before, to much acclaim; it was hailed as a masterpiece of the age. Nobody around TM wanted to touch it. In a series of interviews with Simone de Beauvoir that appeared following his death, Sartre recalled that the feeling about the book within the editorial board was one of loathing — but that, as editor, he wanted to find "someone who would be willing to review it . . . without being too harsh." The topic would come up every couple of weeks, but no volunteer stepped forward.

"Power, Subjectivity, Resistance:

Three Works on Postmodern Anarchism"

Michael Glavin, New Formulation


Postmodern Anarchism

By Lewis Call, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2002

The Political Philosophy of
Poststructuralist Anarchism

By Todd May, University Park: Pennsylvania
State University Press, 1994

From Bakunin to Lacan:
Anti-Authoritarianism and the
Dislocation of Power

By Saul Newman, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2001

"If you have nothing to hide, then you have nothing to
worry about," my formerly liberal father turned Fox
News devotee said as if he were uttering a simple,
elegant truth. "But Dad, my brother just bought me
Postmodern Anarchism on the Internet, you don't think
that will show up as a blip in some government
database?" With that my father looked down at his
filet mignon and asked my younger sister to pass the

hydrarchist writes:

"From the Barcelona Review on the great spanish noir writer, recently deceased."

Manuel Vázquez Montalbán

The Man and His Work: A Retrospective

Jill Adams

Reviewing: An Olympic Death and The Buenos Aires Quintet

When Manuel Vázquez Montalbán died suddenly last October, the city of
Barcelona went into serious mourning. Hours and hours of television were devoted to his
memory. Many of Spain’s most important literary figures, politicians and journalists
spoke movingly of the man and his work. Montalbán was a highly respected social critic
and political commentator, giving articulate and intelligent voice to the left. He wrote a
weekly column for El Pais and his byline was sought after by the major newspapers
in Europe; his frequent speaking engagements drew large audiences. He was equally well
known for his poetry, plays, essays and articles on food and culture, humorist pieces, and
numerous novels and short stories.

"Call's Postmodern Anarchism"

Edward J. Martin

Reviewing Lewis Call, Postmodern Anarchism

Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 159 pp., $60.00, ISBN 0-7391-0522-1, Publication Date: February 2003

Postmodern Anarchism, by Lewis Call, draws on the
works of several theorists in an attempt to connect
anarchism with postmodernism. Call uses anarchism to
critique liberal notions of language, consciousness,
and rationality, which are inherent in economic and
political power within the capitalist state
organization. Call uses postmodern methods rooted in
anarchist tradition to deconstruct hegemonies of all
sorts, predominantly Marxist and capitalist in nature.
Yet his sharpest attack is leveled against bourgeois
liberalism manifested in "late capitalism," or as
Veblen describes it, "conspicuous consumption."

"Postface to the Complete Text of the Journal Futur Antérieur (1989-98)

Toni Negri

[On 4 November 2003 the following text was published in Italian and French
on the Multitudes website, as a preface to the e-published archive of the
journal Futur Antérieur. The original text of this article can be found at
Multitudes. Translated by Ed Emery.]

What was Futur Antérieur? A major undertaking, ten years of hard work every
week in order to produce four issues per year, along with occasional
supplements. An expansive undertaking. An expansivity that was not only
quantitative but also qualitative. A good journal is like an octopus,
continually reaching out and pulling in the theoretical and historical
happenings in the environment in which it lives. This journal had a soul -- a
passionate soul which tried to absorb everything in the world around it
which offered theoretical interest, a political choice, an ethical
dimension, or simply a joy of life. The soul of a journal is its radical
determination to give meaning to everything it touches, to build it into a
theoretical tendency, to embrace it within a mechanism of practical
activity. Futur Antérieur definitely had a soul. Or rather, many souls.

"NAFTA's Knife: Class Warfare Across the U.S.-Mexico

Bill Fletcher, Jr.

Reviewing David Bacon, The Children of NAFTA: Labor Wars on the
U.S./Mexico Border

(Berkeley: University of California
Press, 2004), 348 pages, cloth $27.50.

I once heard a discussion about the first sentences of
books and those sentences that were among the most
famous and most powerful. The opening of Gabriel Garcia
Marquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude was among the
most popular. David Bacon's first sentence in chapter
one of his book must now rank among the most gripping:
'NAFTA repeatedly plunged a knife into José Castillo's


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